Hae opetus/tentit
ASPB1105 Human Rights and Security in the Arctic, 5 op 
Koodi ASPB1105  Voimassaolo 01.01.1950 -
Nimi Human Rights and Security in the Arctic  Lyhenne Human Rights an 
Laajuus5 op  Vanhenemisaika  
TyyppiPerusopinnot Oppiaine0959 Monialainen, kansainvälinen 
LajiOpintojakso  Tuntimäärä  
Opinto-oikeus   ArvosteluHyväksytty, hylätty, arvosanat 1-5 
Suositeltu suoritusaika 
Vastuuyksikkö Yhteiskuntatieteiden tiedekunta 


After completion of the course the student is able to discuss, analyze, put into the global and regional contexts, and for-mulate own opinions on international human rights law and different dimensions of human security in the Arctic, the role of digitalization in the Arctic and selected problems of cybersecurity, in particular those with relevance for Arctic communities, the concepts of cultural heritage, in particular cultural heritage and cultural rights of Russian Arctic com-munities. Students will be able to gain a better understand-ing on why the food system needs to change, understand the relationship between climate change, agriculture and food security, know-how food sovereignty is expressed in differ-ent spatial contexts, be able to explain what food sovereign-ty entail in the Arctic context and gain an insight into the common language between policymakers, academics, and grassroots activists towards resilience and food security.


The content of the course will comprise:

1) Introduction to Human Rights and Human Security in the Arctic (Kirchner) (6 h)

2) Food Resilience and Sovereignty in the Arctic (Raheem) (6 h)

3) Digitalization and Cybersecurity in the Arctic

(Salminen) (6 h)

4) Introduction to Cultural Heritage Law and Heritage rights and Russian Arctic communities (Sikora) (6 h)

Edeltävät opinnot 

No prerequisites; participation in the course “Arctic Eco-systems and Adaptation of Species to Arctic Environment” will be an advantage.

Toteutus ja työmuodot 

Lectures (24 hours), group work, independent work.

Vaadittavat suoritukset 

Active participation in the lectures and completing a written assignment. Attendance: 80 %. This course is compulsory for the students of the Arctic Studies Programme and op-tional for others

Lisätietoja kirjallisuudesta ja muusta materiaalista 

Human Rights and Security in the Arctic:

- Durfee & Johnstone (2019). Arctic governance in a changing world. Rowman & Littlefield.


Food resilience and Sovereignty in the Arctic (suggested)

- Hossain, K., Raheem, D. and Cormier, S. 2018. Food se-curity Governance in the Arctic-Barents region. Book pub-lished by Springer Nature. target=_blank>http://www.springer.com/us/book/9783319757551#aboutBook

- Cormier, S and Raheem, D. 2018. Food security in the Barents region. Book chapter published by Routledge.https://www.routledge.com/Society-Environment-and-Human-Security-in-the-Arctic-Barents-Region/Hossain-Cambou/p/book/9780815399841 (e-book).

- The 2016 State of Food and Agriculture: Climate change, agriculture and food security target=_blank>http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6030e.pdf

- Hossain, K., Hermann, T. and Raheem, D. 2018. Food (in)Security across the Circumpolar Arctic. Book Chapter 38 in Handbook on Arctic Security. Routledge.

- Raheem, D. 2018. Food and nutrition as a measure of re-silience in the Barents region. Urban Science. 2018, 2, 72. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci2030072. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI), Switzerland (open ac-cess).

- Nilsson L.M., Evengård B. 2015. Food Security or Food Sovereignty: What Is the Main Issue in the Arctic? In: Evengård B., Nymand Larsen J., Paasche Ø. (eds) The New Arctic. Springer, Cham.


Digitalization and Cybersecurity in the Arctic

- Hudson (2015). Connecting the Alaskans: Telecommuni-cations in Alaska from Telegraph to Broadband.

- Salminen & Hossain (2018) “Digitalisation and human security dimensions in cybersecurity: an appraisal for the European High North” Polar Record 54(2), 108–118.

- Salminen, Zojer & Hossain (2020). Digitalisation and Human Security: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Cyber-security in the European High North.


Introduction to Cultural Heritage Law and Heritage rights and Russian Arctic communities

- Blake, J. (2015). Cultural Heritage and Human Rights in: J.Blake “International Cultural Heritage Law”. Oxford Uni-versity Press.

- Waterton, E. and L. Smith (2009). There is no such thing as heritage. In Waterton, E. and L. Smith (eds) “Taking Archaeology out of heritage”. Cambridge Scholars Press.


Grades 1-5/fail


Autumn / 1st period


Assoc. Prof. Dr. Stefan Kirchner

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Stefan Kirchner; Researcher, PhD, Bamidele Raheem; Researcher Mirva Salminen; PhD Candidate Karolina Sikora.




This course is compulsory for the students of the Arctic Studies Programme and optional for other students.


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