Hae opetus/tentit
TUKO1246 Research ethics, 1-2 op 
Koodi TUKO1246  Voimassaolo 01.01.1950 -
Nimi Research ethics  Lyhenne Research ethics 
Laajuus1-2 op  Vanhenemisaika  
TyyppiTutkijakoulu Oppiaine0960 Tutkijakoulu 
LajiOpintojakso  Tuntimäärä  
Opinto-oikeus   ArvosteluHyväksytty, hylätty, arvosanat 1-5 
Suositeltu suoritusaika 
Vastuuyksikkö Tutkijakoulu 


At the completion of this course the doctoral candidate is able to:
1. recognise and analyse key research ethical questions
2. formulate ethical research plans and responses to ethical challenges by applying key ethical theories and approaches
3. recognise and understand key ethical principles guiding research
4. understand the Finnish Responsible Conduct of Research guidelines, processes for dealing with research misconduct, and processes for applying research license or ethical review
5. identify rights and responsibilities as a researcher
6. understand how ethical decisions and choices influence society and research community.



The course has four sections. Sections are independent and follow a research project lifecycle. The sections build theoretically on each other in a sequential manner. Each section will include online lecture material, reading material, and assessment tasks. Course literature consists of book chapters, scientific articles (Max 100 pages) and web-based material. All literature for the course is available on the course platform in e-format.

Section A: Ethical theory and importance of research ethics
This section focuses on developing skills to analyse and recognise ethical challenges in research. This section also provides guidance and practice for recognising ethical principles and questions in research practice. The student will engage with different perspectives on ethical questions in research and reflecting on how these perspectives apply to their own research, ethical thinking, and more generally in their field of study.

Section B: Planning for ethical research
This section focuses on ethical questions that arise at the planning phase of research. These include ethical aspects on data acquisition and management; conflict of interest, need for ethical license or ethical review; data ownership; working with others; applying for research funding; working in a research groups; and preparing to publish. The students explore the research planning process from an ethical perspective and learn to recognise different questions that apply to their own research work and to research in general. During the section students apply the learning to their own research planning identifying and clarifying ethical elements in that plan.

Section C: Research practice and ethics
This section focuses on the ethical questions arising from doing research work. These include collecting data, collegial openness, dealing with ethical problems as they arise, supervision, misconduct of fabrication and falsification, and dealing with misconduct claims. The students reflect on and analyse the potential ethical challenges for their research work and seek ways to primarily prevent them or if necessary, how to resolve issues in an ethically appropriate manner aligning with Responsible Conduct of Research guidelines.

Section D: Sharing research results in an ethical manner
The last section focuses on sharing research results either via peer-reviewed publications or more openly with the society through media and expert roles. The topics covered in this section include plagiarism and misappropriation, authorship, peer review, choice of journals. The students expand their ethical analysis from their own research work towards the interaction of research and society. Through engagement with the ethical perspective and questions presented, they start to develop their ability to identify how ethical guidelines define their broader researcher role.

Toteutus ja työmuodot 

The course will be taught online (http://moodle.tsv.fi/). The course language is English, while all materials are also available in Finnish. Most of the course is self-directed and allows for great flexibility in when and where it is done. The group work component and assessments require certain amount of regularity. It is essential for everyone to adhere to the deadlines.


Vaadittavat suoritukset 

The course completion requires:
- active engagement with the course material
- attendance at face-to-face teaching
- completing compulsory assessment tasks detailed above.

The course evaluation is based on adequately achieving learning outcomes as evidenced in the assessment tasks.

Assessment 1 - Ethical issues and challenges in my own research

Write a description of ethical issues that have emerged or may emerge in your own research, and reflect on their implications for your research.

For example, you may reflect on how the ethical issues could influence the research plan or the way the research is carried out. Whom does the ethical issues concern? In what stages of your research do you need to address these ethical issues? How do you plan/ how have you solved the ethical issues? Could there be alternative ways to handle the ethical issues?

The length of the paper is approx. 1-2 pages, depending on the group. This assessment can be submitted in English or Finnish.

Assessment 2 - Peer Review
You will receive a description of ethical challenges by two of your fellow students. The Moodle system will treat you anonymously – you will not be told whose work you are reading and you as the commentator will also remain anonymous. If you are happy to share who you are, you are welcome to include your name in your submissions.

You are asked to comment and reflect on the following aspects: have ethical challenges been recognised well considering the research context? Can you think of additional research ethical issues that have not been recognised in this submission? Would you find ways to improve it? Or challenges that have not yet been recognised? Include any examples you are aware of how other people have approach similar challenges in the past (maybe your own research experience).

The purpose of commenting and reflecting is to support each other to create ethically strong research. Consider carefully what you write and think of yourself as the constructive you yourself would like to have.

The Peer Review should be approximately 1 page. This assessment can be submitted in English or Finnish.

Assessment 3 - Discussion board group activity on ethical issues 
This is a compulsory group activity for the course. You will be allocated into groups of 4–6 students. The discussions boards are held in English.

Each member of the group will post a challenge (by starting a new discussion) related to potential (or experienced) risk of misconduct (fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, or misappropriation). Explain the potential with enough details that people not working in your field can understand the risk. You are also expected to propose a way of either reducing the risk or dealing with the outcome of misconduct.

After posting your challenge, you are expected to respond to at least two challenges posted by your group members. The response should be a thoughtful insight into the challenge and provide suggestions on how to best manage the risk of misconduct.

Assessment 4 - Reflection and solutions to ethical issues

For this assignment you are asked to submit an essay on ethical challenges in your research and reasoned solutions to them (group 1 with 2 ECTS credits: 3–4 pages, group 2 with 1 ECTS credit: 2 pages). You are expected to:
- make use of the assignment you submitted for assessment 1 and the peer reviews you received. Please indicate how your thinking has changed during the course and what impact (if any) the peer reviews had on your perception of the challenges and/or solutions to them
- show evidence that you can broadly recognise ethical challenges around your research work
- show evidence that you are aware of key ethical principles in research and are able to apply them to your own research work
- show evidence that you are aware of the key responsibilities for researchers as
identified in Finnish Guidelines on Responsible Conduct of Research in your research work.

This assessment can be submitted in English or Finnish.

Assessment 5
Quizzes associated with each topic are compulsory. You can attempt each quiz 3 times. If the quiz requires a password, it is ‘ethics’. You are expected to study the material before attempting the quiz.





Doctoral candidates. Recommended for first or second year of study.


Dr Henriikka Mustajoki


Group 1 (1 ECTS credit)
Course range: The course runs over four weeks online from 1 November to 2 December 2019.

Group 2 (2 ECTS credits)
Course range: The course runs over four weeks online from 6 March to 6 April 2020. The course includes a contact teaching day.
Contact teaching day: 2 April 2020, 9-17. It is essential that you participate in the contact teaching day.


Registration Group 2 2.12.2019 - 27.2.2020


Meneillä oleva ja tuleva opetus
Toiminnot Nimi Tyyppi op Opettaja Aikataulu
ilmoittautumisaika on päättynyt Research ethics  Verkkokurssi  Henriikka Mustajoki  01.11.19 -02.12.19

Tulevat tentit
Ei tenttejä